Test CasesA test case in a practical sense is a test-related item which contains the following information:A set of test inputs. These are data items received from an external source by the code under test. The external source can be hardware, software, or human.Execution conditions. These are conditions required for running the test, for example, a certain state of a database, or a configuration of a hardware device.Expected outputs. These are the specified results to be produced by the code under test.TestA test is a group of related test cases, or a group of related test cases and test proceduresTest OracleA test oracle is a document, or piece of software that allows testers to determine whether a test has been passed or failed.Test BedA test bed is an environment that contains all the hardware and software needed to test a software component or a software system.
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